Building an EKS Cluster on AWS with Terraform
Elastic Kubernetes Service (EKS) is a fully managed Kubernetes service provided by AWS. It helps users to deploy, manage, and scale containerized applications using Kubernetes. This article will walk you through creating an Amazon EKS cluster using Terraform, a widespread Infrastructure as Code (IaC) tool. Then, you’ll learn how to define, provision, and manage your Kubernetes infrastructure in a declarative and reproducible way.
Before we start, ensure you have the following:
- An AWS account
- AWS CLI installed and configured
- Terraform installed (v0.12+)
Table of Contents:
- Initialize your Terraform project
- Define the EKS cluster resources
- Provision worker nodes
- Initialize and apply your Terraform configuration
- Connecting to the EKS Cluster
- Clean Up
- Dive Deeper: Recommended Reads
Initialize your Terraform project
First, create a new directory for your Terraform configuration files:
Next, create a
main.tf file in the project directory and add the AWS provider:
Define the EKS cluster resources
main.tf file, add the following resources:
This configuration creates a new VPC, subnets, and an EKS cluster within the specified VPC.
Provision worker nodes
Create an AWS Auto Scaling group to launch worker nodes for your EKS cluster. Add the following to your
This configuration defines a module that provisions worker nodes for your EKS cluster.
Initialize and apply your Terraform configuration
terraform init to initialize your Terraform project and download the necessary provider plugins:
Once the initialization is complete, run the
terraform apply command to create the resources defined in your configuration:
Review the changes and type “yes” when prompted to apply the changes. This step might take a few minutes as Terraform creates the resources in AWS.
Connecting to the EKS Cluster
Once the cluster is up and running, you must configure
kubectl, the Kubernetes command-line tool, to interact with the EKS cluster. Next, use the AWS CLI to update your kubeconfig file:
Now you can use kubectl to interact with your EKS cluster:
When done using the EKS cluster, run
terraform destroy to delete all the resources created by your Terraform configuration:
Type “yes” when prompted to confirm the resource destruction. This step may take a few minutes as Terraform deletes the resources in AWS.
In this article, you’ve learned how to create an Amazon EKS cluster using Terraform, a widespread Infrastructure as Code (IaC) tool. As a result, you can easily maintain and scale your containerized applications by defining, provisioning, and managing your Kubernetes infrastructure in a declarative and reproducible way.
Dive Deeper: Recommended Reads
Expand your knowledge of Infrastructure as Code and Terraform with our insightful collection of articles! Dive into a range of topics that will help you master the art of managing infrastructure:
- Terraform Best Practices: Learn the most effective ways to use Terraform in your projects.
- Managing environments through Terraform Workspaces: Discover how to manage multiple environments with ease.
- Building highly available VMSS on Azure using Terraform Modules: Create scalable and highly available virtual machine scale sets on Azure.
- Building an Elasticache cluster on AWS using Terraform Modules: Harness the power of AWS Elasticache with Terraform.
- Demystifying Terraform Modules: Understand the ins and outs of Terraform modules.
- Building an Nginx web server on Azure using Terraform: Deploy a reliable Nginx web server on Azure.
- Building an Nginx web server on AWS using Terraform: Set up an Nginx web server on AWS with Terraform.
- Introduction to Infrastructure as Code (IaC): Get started with Infrastructure as Code and grasp the fundamentals.
- Deploying an Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) Cluster with Terraform: Deploy an Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) cluster seamlessly with Terraform’s infrastructure management capabilities.
- Create a GKE Cluster on Google Cloud Platform using Terraform: Create and manage a GKE cluster on Google Cloud Platform with ease using Terraform’s automation features.
Embrace the power of Terraform and Infrastructure as Code with this comprehensive collection of articles, and enhance your skills in deploying, managing, and maintaining your infrastructure.
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